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History and culture

Uredi podatke

5th century

Rovinj was mentioned for the first time in "Cosmographia", a work by an anonymous man from Ravenna, which talks about "Castrum Rubini" from the 5th century. 

9th century

Castrum Rubini was located on the place of the today's St. Euphemia's Church, once a small church of St. George, and it became known as Ruigno, Ruginio and Ruvigno, and it suffered from disastrous attacks from both the land and the sea: by the Slaws (Domagoj 876), Narentines (865 and 887) and Saracens (819 and 842).

10th to 12th century

Rovinj successfully resisted the Venetian pressure and became autonomous.


Rovinj signed the Renovatio Pacis Treaty with Dubrovnik which bound both sides to trade and exchange of goods.


Falling under the Venetian rule, the town self-government lost its democratic feature. During the Venetian rule, Rovinj developed into a strong fishing, ship building and naval centre.


During the conflict with the Turks, Venice helped  building the forts, and town walls were built: 1563 Porton del Ponte, 


Portizza (Sotto muro or Under the wall) was restaurated and fortified.


the town spread to the area outside the walls on the island itself, but opposite it as well, on the seaside, along the hill-side on which a Franciscan monastery is located. 


17 Croatian Habsburg soldier (Uskoci) ships with around 500 men attacked and raided Rovinj. 


the strait between the island and land was filled with soil and Rovinj became a peninsula. 


After the downfall of the Venetian Republic, the citizens took over the town government and maintained it during the Austrian (1797-1805) and French administration (1805-1813). 


Austrians once again ruled Rovinj, and a period of industrial development began, as well as development of the town itself.


Rovinj was occupied by the Italian army, and with the Rapallo Treaty in 1920, it became a part of Italy and  was included into the Italian Friuli-Venezia Giulia region. 


After Italy had capitulated in 1943, Rovinj joined the uprising of the Croats in Istria.


Rovinj became a part of Yugoslavia.


Since 1991, Rovinj has been a part of the independent Republic of Croatia




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